Madre de Dios: the other access door for Venezuelans to Peru
The exodus seeks alternatives. When the income is collapsed in Tumbes, migrants find another opportunity in Puerto Maldonado to fulfill their aspirations. They follow a route that crosses Brazil and that demands a week of travel.
It is known that the border area of Tumbes is today crowded by Venezuelan citizens who struggle to enter Peru to achieve a dignified life. The control at this point became more rigorous, especially since the Government decided to apply for the passport as a condition for their pass.
Thus, Venezuelans seek new alternatives to achieve their goal of settling in Peruvian territory, work, and be able to send money for their families. This is how Madre de Dios emerges as an alternative and has become one of them (especially in the last three months), in the other desired door of access to the country.
“I arrived four days ago. I spent $ 200 on transportation. There are those who do not have enough money and are staying halfway in the terminals. This situation is very difficult, “says Karina Romero, a 23-year-old Venezuelan who left her country eleven days ago.
The route is as follows: they leave Venezuela and the first point is the town of Boa Vista, in Brazil. The next step is Manaus and then they continue on their way to Rio Branco and, finally, the town of Iñapari, in Madre de Dios.
“It’s seven days of travel, bus trip. Friends who are already living in Peru told us that this route was good because there is not much Venezuelan and it is easier to enter, “says Karina, while waiting at the decentralized headquarters of Foreign Affairs of Puerto Maldonado, for the request for refuge .
“When they arrive at our office we hear from them that the language and the facilities to carry out their immigration procedures and job opportunities are the reasons that define their choice for Peru and not Brazil,” explains José Zapata, director of the Deconcentrated Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Puerto Maldonado.
In the last ten days this office has processed 500 refugee applications, and it is estimated that there are already 5,000 Venezuelans living and working in this region.
Karina has gotten a job in a restaurant in Puerto Maldonado and her salary is 600 soles. The Venezuelans in Puerto Maldonado also work in the sowing and harvesting of chestnuts, and in mechanics and services.
Although they do not have updated data, the Regional Government of Madre de Dios for now has no problem on its border due to the massive arrival of Venezuelan migration, but is ready to do so.
Authorities from 12 countries see the issue of exodus
– Yesterday, in Quito, a meeting between officials from twelve countries in Latin America began to find solutions to the Venezuelan exodus.
– The meeting will culminate today and will be attended by diplomatic representatives from Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Uruguay and Peru.
– And while the government of President Nicolás Maduro minimizes the effects of this migration, the United Nations has estimated that 2.3 million people, 7% of the total population of Venezuela, have left the country in the last three years. Most have taken refuge in Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil and Chile.
– Meanwhile yesterday in Lima, the Immigration Division of the Police and Migrations carried out an operation in the commercial emporium of Gamarra to monitor the migratory situation of the Venezuelans who work there.
Karina Romero- Venezuelan
“As soon as we arrived, we approached Migrations because we want to work legally. We have left family that now depends on us.